Economy & Regulation
8 hours ago |
By Lubomir Tassev – |
Crypto Business Is Now Legal in Belarus
Crypto-related activities are now considered legal in Belarus. The presidential decree “On the Development of the Digital Economy” came into force on March 28. The country aims to become a global IT hub luring entrepreneurs from around the world with a business-friendly environment. Unprecedented freedoms and generous incentives are enticing crypto companies to invest in the former Soviet republic.
Crypto Activities Are Free, Tax-Free
Belarus, a country that suffers from a bad reputation with politicians in the West, is now set to improve its image with western businessmen. On Wednesday, the close ally of Moscow, also called the last dictatorship in Europe, became a European leader as far as crypto freedoms are concerned. Comprehensive regulations, largely legalizing the crypto sector, are now officially in place.
Decree №8, signed by President Alexander Lukashenko in December, entered into force on March 28 to create conditions for the development of the digital economy in Belarus. It effectively legalizes crypto business activities, like exchange services, initial coin offerings, mining operations, smart contracts. The document does not restrict the issuing, storage, and trade of digital tokens. Individual entrepreneurs and corporate entities from the crypto industry are free to do business anywhere, as long as they register as residents of the Belarus High Technologies Park (HTP).
Lukashenko’s decree introduces tax breaks and other incentives for crypto businesses until January 1, 2023. No taxes will be imposed on companies that profit from mining, issuing and placement of digital coins. The same applies to crypto-related income of private individuals from mining and trading cryptocurrencies. In the next five years, even crypto firms based abroad will not be taxed.
The new regulations include measures to simplify procedures regarding foreign trade and the hiring of foreign nationals by the residents of the Hi-Teck Park. Employees and investors in the HTP will not be required to apply for work permits. They will also benefit from a special visa waiver regime and will be granted temporary residence status in Belarus.
Comprehensive Regulations Adopted
An array of legal changes accompany the Decree “On the Development of the Digital Economy”. This week Belarus implemented a new standard aimed at adjusting its accounting practices to address cryptocurrencies. It classifies “digital tokens” as cryptos in the new provisions, according to their acquisition and intended use. Authorities have defined the information crypto companies and entrepreneurs are required to share. The National Chart of Accounts has been amended.
The central bank of Belarus has also implemented changes. They concern the oversight of commercial banks and other financial institutions and introduce new requirements for the internal control procedures. According to the government press service, the new rules aim to prevent the legalization of illicit incomes, terrorism financing and the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction. Officials claim the regulations are intended to perfect anti-money laundering measures and improve cybersecurity.
Taking into account all challenges, Minsk has decided to create a special Council for the Development of the Digital Economy. It is tasked with coordinating the digitization and the development of the information and communication sectors. The council is chaired by Prime Minister Andrei Kobyakov. Furthermore, President Lukashenko spoke about the creation of a Ministry of the Digital Economy, and voiced his support for the idea. The new department may be set up as early as this year.
Belarus to Make the Most of It
Alexander Lukashenko has stated many times that his country needs to learn how to benefit from the development of the information and communication technologies. In December, the Belarusian leader said the country’s IT industry needs a new impulse. “Belarus should become attractive for talented people and successful companies,” he insisted, quoted by RIA Novosti. Belarus has what it takes to develop artificial intelligence, big data and blockchain technologies, he added.
Lukashenko said he had no intentions to slow down the progress but warned entrepreneurs they should not forget the state and its interests. “Let’s work together for this piece of land. I will guarantee you stability and non-interference,” he promised.
Belarusian authorities have registered unprecedented interest from crypto businesses since the signing of Decree №8. The government in Minsk announced that the number of new registrations with the High-Tech Park increased by about a quarter in 2018. Residents of the High-Tech Park now work in 67 markets around the world.
While the new regulations create favorable conditions for foreign investments and technological development, critics point out that Belarus may become just another offshore zone, a crypto-friendly one. The question when ordinary Belarusians will be able to receive their salaries in bitcoin and pay their bills with cryptocurrency, remains unanswered, for now at least.